The first molecular phylogeny of the Neotropical headstanding fishes in family Chilodontidae

In collaboration with OSIC researchers, Bruno Melo and Claudio Oliveira of the State University of São Paulo, Brazil inferred the first DNA-based phylogeny for this Neotropical fish family phylogeny.  Results suggest that some described species are not valid, while others may represent complexes of cryptic and undescribed species.  Some of the specimens on which the work is based are housed in the OSIC.

Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790313003837
Photo: Eight species of headstanding chilodontid fishes (From Melo et al., 2014).